Roulette is an enchanting game with simple rules. It is one of the most popular and most played games both online and in land-based casinos. Being invented by two French brothers, the game has preserved its basic rules over the years. Roulette is a game, dependent mostly on luck, rather than on strategy. Thus, the real strategy is to make the right bet and to wager only money, which you can afford.
Basically, the players can control some of their own risks by placing particular bets on specific numbers or colors. There is a different payout with each type of bet. Obviously, the bets that have a lower probability of landing offer higher payouts. Covering larger sections of the betting layout of the table provides better chances for the player to win, but lower payout. That is the reason why every player should be aware of all the possible bets and their payouts.
The rules of roulette are simple, but the complexity comes from the betting options, which the game offers. To better understand the different bets, every player should know that there are three main variations of the game – American, French and European. In fact, the European and French roulette tables are governed by pretty much the same rules. Here, it should be mentioned that there are European tables, where the French rules are valid as well. Before starting to play, find the most strategic seat, which will provide you with access to all parts of the betting layout and make sure that you are familiar with the rules on the table.
Variations of the Game
Though the basic framework is the same for each game, the difference occurs with the number of pockets. In American roulette, there are thirty-eight pockets in total – thirty-six numbered pockets and two zero pockets. The presence of the second zero-pocket increases the house edge to 5.26% and that is the reason why it is considered as less advantageous to the player than the other two variations. Though one may think that one pocket is trivial, it can actually make a considerable difference in terms of risk assessment.
On the other hand, French roulette has only one zero-pocket for a total of thirty-seven pockets. This means that the chances for the house to win are only 1 out of 37 possible ones. This decreases the profit of the house significantly to 2.70%.
Placing a Bet
The game starts when all the players place their bets by using the betting layout, which every table offers. It is comprised of an inside part, which contains all the numbers represented on the wheel. The outside part consists of a section, which represents the different categories of the numbers – for example black vs red numbers or even vs odds. To place a bet, the player needs to put the chips on the particular section of the layout. Depending on the type of bet, which the player wants to place, the chips are arranged in a particular way.
Additional Betting Options on the French Table
Besides the two types of bets, common for all three variations of the game, there is one more type, which is quite exciting for every player. It is native for the French table, but it is also offered by some European tables and even some online casinos. These are the well-known ‘call bets’. The name is significant enough to get how the bet works. The player needs to say out loud the bet, without covering it with chips. That is the reason why it is also referred to as a bet on credit and it is forbidden in most of the casinos. The bet itself is not covered by money, but it is taken on credit by the croupier.
The “announced bets” are similar to the “call bets”, but there is money on the table, which covers the bet. These bets are made before the croupier announces “No more bets” and before the ball lands on a particular pocket of the wheel. There are various types of these bets.
The Variable Call Bets
To be more accurate, it should be noted that there are two major groups of call bets – “fixed” and “variable”. This means that the variable type of bet is placed on different numbers on the wheel, in accordance with the preferences of the player. The are 2 different types of fixed call bets, which are explored in details in the following lines.
The Neighbors cover 5 numbers in total. This type of bet involves wagering on a single number and the two numbers to the left and the right of it. The bet costs 5 chips, because it is straight-up bet. For instance, if a player wagered a neighbor on 0, he or she would be betting on the numbers 15, 32, 0, 26, and 3. With this type of bets, the player decides which will be the “central number”. Based on that, the other 4 numbers are determined.
To calculate the odds of the bet, we need to take into account that the French wheel has one zero pocket and 37 in total. So, the chances for the player to win are 5 out of 37 possible, which equals 13.5%.
That is the other type of the variable bets, also known as “finaal” or “finale” bets. These are subdivided into two types:
Finales en Plein Bet
It is placed on a digit, preferred by the player and all the rest numbers, that end on that particular digit. For example, your favorite number is 3, so you place your bet on “Finales 3”. This bet covers 3, 13, 23 and 33. Depending on what is the selected digit, the bet covers either 3 or 4 numbers. If the player selects 9 as a final number, the bet is placed on 9, 19 and 29. The odds of winning are 10.8% for 3 covered numbers or 8.1% for 4 covered numbers.
Finales a Cheval Bet
It is quite similar to the Finales en Plein Bet. Here, the player selects two digits and places a bet on all the numbers, which end on that digit. For instance, “Finales 4/5” means that the bet is placed on 4, 14, 24, 34, 5, 15, 25 and 35. This is a combination of split and straight bets, which makes it more complicated for amateur roulette fans. Depending on the preferred digits, the bet is placed on 8 or 6 numbers and it can cost from 3 to 5 chips.
The Fixed Call Bet
Unlike the variable call bets, the fixed ones are placed on a particular section of the wheel, which is always one and the same. The wheel is subdivided into three main sections, which outline the different type of bets.
Voisins du Zero Bet
The name is very significant for this type of bet. Those, who are fluent in French will immediately recognize that this bet is placed on numbers, which are “neighbors of zero”, including the zero itself. If we look at the wheel, this is the section from 22 to 25. In other words, this bet covers the following numbers: 22, 18, 29, 7, 28, 12, 35, 3, 26, 0, 32, 15, 19, 4, 21, 2 and 25.
The bet is placed on 17 numbers and it is a combination of split and corner bets. The players place 2 chips on the trio 0, 2, 3 and the corner 25, 26, 28, 29. The other numbers are represented by split bets, covered by 1 one chip for each pair of numbers. The bet costs 9 chips in total and the odds of winning are 45.9%, since it covers the biggest portion of the wheel.
Tiers du Cylindre Bet
This type of bet refers to the 12 numbers, which are opposite to the “neighbors of zero”. In fact, the name means “thirds of the wheel”. The bet is placed on 12 numbers, which represent the section from 27 to 33 (including). In other words, these are the following numbers: 27, 13, 36, 11, 30, 8, 23, 10, 5, 24, 16, 33. It is a split bet, which requires 6 chips. The odds of winning are 32.4% and it covers the second largest portion of the wheel.
This bet covers all the numbers, which are not included in Tiers du Cylindre or Voisins du Zero Bet. That is the reason why they are called orphans, because these are not “adopted” by any of the two opposing sets. The numbers, included in this type are 1, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 31 and 34 and it costs 5 or 8 chips, depending on which of the following subtypes you will go for:
Orphelins en Cheval Bet
It is represented by 4 split bets and one straight bet on the number 1. What is unique with the Orphelins bet is that it places an overlapping bet on the number 17. Hence, the split bets look as follows: 6/9, 14/17, 17/20 and 31/34.
Orphelins en Plein Bet
It is represented by straight-up bets on all the 8 numbers. The player places 1 chip on every number.
Jeu Zero Bet
This type is also known as a zero game. It is very similar to the Voisins du Zero Bet, but it covers a smaller section of the wheel from 12 to 15, including the zero itself. In other words this section contains the following 7 numbers: 0, 3, 12, 15, 26, 32, 35. It allows the player to bet on the closest numbers to zero by utilizing split bets on 0/3, 12/15, 32/35 and one chip only on the number 26.
The call bets are not offered by every casino, but these definitely contribute to the excitement, which the game provides to its fans. That is the reason why the French tables with call bets are one of the most dynamic in the casinos.