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French Roulette

S. Stoynova (editor) |

The Ins and Outs of French Roulette

French RouletteThe roots of roulette can be traced back to France. Nowadays, there are three main variations of the game, but the truth is that French roulette is at the core of them all. The European one is the most widely-spread in the whole world, because of its profits to the player. But it is a matter of fact that both European and French roulette share similar rules. These are even mixed by amateur gamblers, who have just started their career in roulette. The reason is that French roulette is played in France and Monaco, and thus, often referred to as European. Versed gamblers, though, are familiar with the differences between the two tables.

The French wheel is analogical to the European one. It consists of 37 numbered pockets, alternating between red and black color. There is one pocket in green, which represents the zero digit. As it is with European roulette, the French has decreased house edge by having just one zero pocket. This means that the casino’s profit is way less than in the American version of the game, only 2.70% (which is advantageous for the player).

The main goal of every player is to predict the numbered pocket, on which the ball will settle on. As the game starts, every player places bets on an exact number or group of numbers. You need to comply with the minimum and maximum limits, which are different for every table. These are noted on the edge of every table. Then, the croupier tosses the ball in the opposite direction, in which the wheel is spinning. After the ball lands on a particular pocket, then the dealer announces the winning number. All the players, who have made the right guess, get paid.

Read on to find out more about the main differences between the French and American roulette varieties. We will also draw players’ attention to some peculiarities of the French variation of the game and provide further clarifications on several special French bets.

French Roulette: Odds, Payouts, and Unique Rules

French roulette stands out from other variations of the chance-based game with its player-friendly rules, namely the La Partage and En Prison. These rules not only add an extra layer of excitement but also reduce the house edge on even-money bets to just 1.35%.

  • La Partage offers you back half of your even-money bet if the ball lands on 0.
  • En Prison allows your even-money bet to remain active during the next spin if the ball lands on 0, giving you a second chance to win back your full stake.

Here’s a concise look at the odds and payouts for French roulette, which mirror those of other single-zero variations but with a twist that favors the player:

Bet TypeBet PayoutBet Probability

French roulette’s rules provide a safety net for those who favor even-money bets, enhancing the game’s appeal by giving players the chance to mitigate their losses. This makes French roulette a go-to for savvy gamblers seeking to leverage every advantage the roulette tables can offer.

French vs. American Roulette

French vs. American RouletteIt is easy to find the difference between French and American roulette – just cast a glance at the wheel and you will immediately notice that the American wheel has two zero pockets. This, on the other side, boosts the house edge to 5.26% in the American variation of the game. Considering this, every versed gambler will know that the best is to play on a French or European table, since the chances to win are higher.

What is more, the numbers on the French and American wheels are located in a different manner. On the American wheel, two consecutive numbers are placed opposite each other. The French wheel is exactly the same as the European. What is more interesting is that the numbers on the French and European wheel point towards the outside edge of the wheel, while the numbers on the American wheel point towards the center of the wheel.

At first sight, the order of the numbers on the French and European wheel seems to be random. But if you look closely, you will notice a pattern – next to every high number (19 to 36) is placed a low number (1 to 18). There is only one exception and that is 5 next to 10.

French Peculiarities

French PeculiaritiesThere are also two additional rules in the French variant, which are also offered by some European tables. In fact, the casino determines if the additional French rules are applicable or not on the European table. These are related to the zero pocket and are absolutely advantageous to gamblers. The French table offers the opportunity not to lose your bet, even if the ball lands on the zero pocket. Here are the two possible options:

En Prison rule, which practically means that your bet is “in jail”. Then, you don’t lose your bet, but you stay on the same outside bet for the next round. If the ball lands again on the zero pocket, then you lose your bet. Otherwise, the bet has equal chances to either win or lose as normally.

La Partage is the other rule, which can be applied in “zero” situations. You split your bet and you get back half of the wagered amount. Then, you can bet on the next spin as usual.

Both rules provide players with equal chances of profit. This rule is valid when you have placed an even-money bet and the ball falls in the green zero pocket. It should be noted that these rules halve the house edge on all evens bets to 1.35%.

The other difference stems from the place of the wheel. In European roulette, the wheel is at one end of the table, while on the French table – it is in the middle. There are other differences, which can be observed. The French table has two layouts, which allow more participants to join.

French Roulette Layout

Another major difference is that the names of the bets are in French. This should not bother you, since the French layout is very similar to the European one. In a nutshell, if you know how to play European roulette, you can deal with the French one as well.

In the traditional layout of the French table all the numbers are colored in red. It is just a preferred design, completely irrelevant to red/black bet and the game itself. But this remains the most well-known and first-to-be-seen difference. Of course, every rule has exception – it depends on the casino, so you can meet different variations of the layout.

The bets represent the other main difference between the two tables. The betting layout is in French and there are four additional bets which distinguish this variant. These are known as “call bets” or racetrack bets and are native for the French table. They allow gamblers to bet on a particular section of the wheel. As you can see, except the “cosmetic” changes, the basics of the game remain the same.

French Type of Bets

French Type of BetsEven if you are not fluent in French, this doesn’t mean that you need to stay away from the French table. Most people consider that the bets are more complicated than the usual ones. But every gambler needs to keep in mind that all the regular “inside” and “outside” bets, which are valid for the American and European table, are also in effect on the French table.

Outside Bets in French roulette

Outside bets are represented in the two split layouts of the French table. These are bets on a whole group of numbers. For example, you place your bet on all even numbers or all red ones. Here are the different types of outside bets:


It corresponds to the column bet on the European table. Then you place your bet on all the numbers included in one of the three columns on the betting area. With this type of bet, you set the chips on the box at the end of the column. The payout is 2:1.


It corresponds to the dozen bet in the European variation of the game. You bet on all the numbers included in the first (1-12), second (13-24) or third (25-36) section of the layout. You need to set the chips on the dozen bet box. The payout is 2:1.

Passe/ Manqué

It corresponds to the high/low bet on the European table. Then you bet on a high (19-36) or low (1-18) winning number. You need to set the chips on the low or high box. The payout is 1:1 (even money).

Impair/ Pair

It coincides with the odd/even bet on the European table. Then you bet the winning number to be odd or even. You need to set the chips on the odd or even box. The payout is even money.

Noir/ Rouge

It coincides with the black/red bet on the European table. Players bet if the winning number will be from the red or black sector. You need to set the chips on the red or black box of the layout. The payout is even money.











Inside Bets in French Roulette

Placing an inside bet means that you bet on an individual number or group of numbers. This type of bet uses the numbered section of the layout. Here are all types of inside bets:

En plein

It corresponds to the straight bet on the European table. You bet only on one exact number and you win if the ball lands namely on the particular numbered pocket. The payout is 35:1.

A cheval

It corresponds to the split bet on the European table. You bet on two numbers, which are adjoining. With this type of bet, you set the chips on the line between the numbers. You win only if the ball falls on one of the numbers. The payout is 17:1.

Transversale plein

It corresponds to the street bet on the European table. The bet is on three numbers in a horizontal row on the betting layout. You need to set the chips on the edge line at the end of the row. The payout is 11:1.

En carre

It corresponds to corner bet on the European table. It is placed on four adjoining numbers on the layout, which visually form a square. You need to set the chips on the intersection part of the four numbers. The payout is 8:1.

Transversale simple

It corresponds to the line bet on the European table. It is placed on six numbers in two “neighboring” lines. You need to set the chips on the intersection of the edge lines at the end of both rows. The payout is 5:1.

En Plein

En Plein

A Cheval

A Cheval

Transversale Plein

Transversale Plein

En Carre

En Carre

Transversale Simple

Transversale Simple

The payout, in fact, is the amount of money, which you will be paid if you make the right guess. The aforesaid ratio features the formula to calculate your profit. For instance, if you place your bet on en plein, you will multiply the wagered amount of money 35 times.

Special French Bets

Special French BetsThe French bets are referred to as exotic, because of the French names. Once you understand them, it will be easy to keep track on what is happening on the French table. Under French bets, every experienced gambler will remember the “announced” or “call” bets. In fact, these two are often considered as the same, but there is a slight difference.

The “announced bet” is when you say to the dealer that you want to bet on one of the French bets from the layout. In this case, you need to move your chips in the location, on which you would like to bet. With the “called” bets, you don’t need to move your chips, because the croupier does it for you. The only thing you need to do is to say your bet. But this type of betting is not offered in every casino, since it is considered as betting on credit.

The French bets are placed on a section of the wheel. The French wheel is divided into three main sections, which represent the three main unique French bets. Read below to know more about these.

French Roulette Call Bets

Voisins du Zero Bet

Directly translated, this means “neighbors of zero”. In fact, the term perfectly describes the bet itself, since you place your bet on all 17 numbers on both sides of the zero pocket. It is a combination of split and corner bets on these numbers. In fact, this may be a bit confusing, so here are all the numbers, included in this bet: 22, 18, 29, 7, 28, 12, 35, 3, 26, 0, 32, 15, 19, 4, 21, 2 and 25. The bet is made with 9 chips in total. You put 2 chips on the trio 0, 2, 3 and the corner 25, 26, 28, 29. Then you have 10 numbers left, which represent a split bet. So, you bet 1 chip on every pair of numbers.

Tiers du Cylindre Bet

This type of bets represents two-thirds of the wheel and all the numbers, which are opposite the Voisins du Zero numbers. The range comprises 12 numbers from 27 to 33, or all of the following: 27, 13, 36, 11, 30, 8, 23, 10, 5, 24, 16, 33. It costs 6 chips, because the bet is split.

Jeu Zero Bet

It is the so-called zero game. The bet is placed on 7 numbers (6 numbers, adjacent to the zero and the zero itself). The bet will cost you 4 chips, since you place 1 chip on every split 0/3, 12/15, 32/35 and one chip only on the number 26.

Orphelins Bet

In fact, the term means “orphans”, because it represents all the numbers, which are not included in the regular sets of Tiers du Cylindre or Voisins du Zero bet. These are 1, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 31 and 34. In fact, this type is subdivided into:

Orphelins en Cheval Bet

It costs 5 chips: 4 chips on the 4 splits (6/9, 14/17, 17/20 and 31/34) and one chip on the straight bet on the number 1.

Orphelins en Plein Bet

It covers the same numbers, but it costs 8 chips, because you place straight up bets on every number.

Finales en Plein Bet

It is a bet, placed on every number that ends on a selected digit. “Finales 6” means betting on numbers 6, 16, 26 and 36. It is the perfect choice for all gamblers, who believe in their “lucky” numbers. For example, you consider that your lucky number is 3 and you bet on all the numbers from the wheel, which end in 3. On a Finale 3, you are betting on 4 digits in total and your payout is 35:4. On a Finale 8, though, you are betting on 3 digits, so your payout is 35:3.

Finales a Cheval Bet

It is a bet, placed on every number that ends on either of two selected digits. “Finales 3/4” means betting on numbers 3, 4, 13, 14, 23, 24, 33 and 34. This type of bet is more complicated and preferred by more advanced players. In this type of bet, you play with a combination of split and straight bets, which end in the two digits you have chosen. This bet can cost 3, 4 or 5 chips in accordance with the numbers, you want to pair.

As you can see, you should not deprive yourself of the exciting experience to try the French table. You need to follow the specific betting system and the rules. Even the non-French speaker can try their luck without any worries about the language. Just keep in mind that you need to comply with the specific rules of the casino, since these are unique for the different casinos.


French Roulette is unique due to its single-zero wheel, like European Roulette, offering a lower house edge (2.70%) compared to American Roulette (5.26%). Key distinctions include the table layout and special rules like “La Partage” and “En Prison” which can further reduce the house edge on even-money bets to 1.35%.

Both rules decrease the house edge on even-money bets when the ball lands on zero. “La Partage” returns half of your losing bet, while “En Prison” allows your bet to stay for the next spin, potentially saving your stake or resulting in a loss if the subsequent spin doesn’t go your way.

French Roulette offers call or announced bets that cover specific sections of the wheel, like “Voisins du Zero,” “Tiers du Cylindre,” and “Orphelins.” These bets allow you to wager on numbers grouped on the wheel, not on the table layout, offering more betting diversity.

Yes, French Roulette is suitable for beginners due to its player-friendly rules and lower house edge. The additional betting options might require some learning, but they provide more strategies and fun once understood. The key French terms for bets are easy to learn and add to the game’s charm.

Beginners should start with even-money bets (red/black, odd/even, high/low) to take advantage of the lower house edge, especially with “La Partage” or “En Prison” rules in play. Learning and experimenting with the additional French bets can also enhance your understanding and enjoyment of the game.